White Spotting Genes (Universal)
The appaloosa gene is very similar to the piebald gene one might be familiar with. It is a white-only gene, meaning it should be either from or near the white colour range. You do not have to colour-pick directly from the range, but if there is too strong of a coloured tint we may request you tone it down. That being said, that coloured tint should only be cream, not pink or blue.
Appaloosa should not heavily resemble Underbelly or any of the other Appaloosa variants, which are detailed below. There should be few small spots - focus on the larger holes. Think of appaloosa as not erasing the markings but instead a white overlay across the body with large holes dug out of it, showing the markings beneath.
When in its heterozygous form (Ap ap), it should cover no less than about a third of the body and no more than about half of the body. When in its dominant form (Ap Ap) it can cover a significant portion more, up to about three quarters of the body. The range below shows examples of how much white should show, not the restricted ranges you might expect from other genes.
Example of Minimum and Maximum for Heterozygous
Example of Dominant on Belemoid
Estimated amounts of white coverage allowed
Ap Ap | patn1 patn1 | patn2 patn2 - Dominant Appaloosa
Ap ap | patn1 patn1 | patn2 patn2 - Appaloosa
Leopard Appaloosa is a full-body covering of full opacity white with many holes cutting through to show the markings beneath. The shapes of the spots are generally circular or oval, which distinguishes them from regular appaloosa. A few specific genes may show through appaloosa faintly, including Zebra. Like the other Appaloosa genes, Leopard's white coloration is not affected by artifice.
Examples on Tsabhua and Belemoid
Ap ap | PATN1 ? | patn2 ? - Leopard Appaloosa
Ap ap | PATN1 ? | PATN2 ? - Leopard Appaloosa
Blanket Appaloosa appears like a reduced Leopard Appaloosa, restricted to the lower back, hips, and upper tail. Sometimes, there is minimal white on or around the head, appearing as if the holes had simply not finished covering the face.
Ap ap | patn1 ? | PATN2 ? - Blanket Appaloosa
One of the three Appaloosa variants where most of the body is covered in white, fewspot differs from Leopard appaloosa in the sizes of spots. While Leopard can have large spots as well as small, fewspot appaloosa spots are generally much smaller than in any of the other variants. In fewspot, usually the holes through to the markings display in clusters, sometimes of only one or two spots but sometimes in a multitude. Similar to Leopard, these clusters of holes can show a fair amount of space beneath the white coverage.
Fewspot can also have a freckling effect where there are tiny white specks within the holes.
Examples on Tsabhua and Belemoid
Ap Ap | PATN1 ? | patn2 ? - Fewspot Appaloosa
Ap Ap | PATN1 ? | PATN2 ? - Fewspot Appaloosa
Snowcap Appaloosa appears as full opacity white on the back hips of the colonist, similar to the placement of Blanket Appaloosa.
It should be fairly sharp-edged and can have small speckles of white on the outer edge.
Ap Ap | patn1 ? | PATN2 ? - Snowcap Appaloosa
The Okapi gene is similar to the Nyala gene in that it contains pale stripes, but that's where the similarities end. Okapi focuses along the extremities, covering the feet (and sometimes tail tip) with white, bordered with white stripes around the circumference of the limbs. Closer to the feet, these stripes are solid, but when in dominant form, they can taper off into the darker fur as well as streak across the neck and face.
Roan is a gene found across various species on Xiunus. The gene features an intermixing of white and coloured hairs in the coat that, when thick enough, lightens the appearance of the coat along the back and neck of a colonist. While less often on the limbs, it can be frequently present on the face and head. Oftentimes there will be patches called corn-spots within the roaning that show the solid coat beneath. Due to the gradual nature of the lightening, some colonists have a rather smooth transition between roan and normal coat, while others can have a more mottled transition.
Roan is a top-level marking that affects the mane and all other markings, besides white spotting genes. On occasion, it can appear to fade into the appaloosa markings, but due to the location it rarely condenses around sabino.
Estimated Ranges for Roan
Rn Rn or Rn rn - Roan.
rn rn - Not present.
Sabino is a white marking that begins at the lips and the belly just behind the elbows. Like other white spotting genes, it lies above other markings and can merge with other white spotting genes like the appaloosa complexes. They often also have some dusting of white along the edges but cannot have holes within the marking except for when affected by ticking.
Estimated Ranges for Sabino
Sb1 Sb1 or Sb1 sb1 - Sabino.